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Retrieved 29 August By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Health is a difficult state to define, but relates to the self-defined perception of human body pdf download individual and includes physical, mental, social and cultural factors.

Human figure aesthetics and Figure drawing. The endocrine system consists of the principal endocrine glands: The endocrine hormones serve as signals from one body system to another regarding an enormous array of conditions, and resulting in variety of changes of function.

Cardiovascular system peripheral Artery Vein Lymphatic vessel Heart. Pages with unresolved properties Use dmy dates from August Downoad indefinitely move-protected pages Articles to be expanded from September All articles to be expanded Articles using small message boxes All articles with human body pdf download statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Gynaecology Gynecologic oncology Maternal—fetal medicine Obstetrics Reproductive endocrinology and infertility Urogynecology.

The spine at the back of the skeleton contains human body pdf download flexible vertebral column which surrounds the spinal cordwhich downlkad a collection of nerve fibres connecting the brain to the rest of the body. Genitourinary system Kidney Ureter Bladder Urethra. McGraw Hill Higher Education.

Human body

Retrieved 27 March The body contains trillions of cellsthe fundamental unit of life. These collect in progressively larger veins until they reach the body’s two largest veins, the superior and inferior vena cavawhich drain blood into the right human body pdf download of the heart.

Human anatomy, physiologyand biochemistry are basic medical sciences, generally taught to medical students in their first year at medical school. Archived from juman original on 9 February Retrieved 4 September Archived from the original on 2 January human body pdf download Human physiology is the study of how bod human body functions.

From here, the blood is pumped into the lungs where it receives oxygen and drains back into the left side of the heart. The reproductive system produces human body pdf download in each sex, a mechanism for their combination, and in eownload female a nurturing environment for the first 9 months of development of the infant.

Archived from the original on 2 February This system humn be split up into the muscular system and the skeletal system. Illnesses may be from birth congenital or arise later in life acquired. Proteins dictate cell function and gene expression, a cell is able to self-regulate by the amount of proteins produced. Cells sit in an extracellular matrix that consists of proteins such as collagensurrounded by extracellular fluids. human body pdf download

FREE Human Body Unit

Depending on the type of cancer, risk factors can include exposure to carcinogens and radiation, excessive alcohol or tobacco intake, age, and hormone imbalances pdg the body.

Together, these systems regulate the internal environment of human body pdf download body, maintaining blood flow, posture, energy supply, temperature, and acid balance pH. The heart propels the circulation of the blood, which serves as a “transportation system” to transfer oxygenfuel, human body pdf download, waste products, immune cells and signalling dkwnload i.

Annals of Human Biology.

The nervous system receives information from the body, and transmits this to the brain via nerve impulses and neurotransmitters. The respiratory system consists of the nose, nasopharynxtracheaand lungs. In addition to their structural role, the larger bones in the body contain bone marrowthe site of production of blood cells. The circulatory system comprises the heart and blood vessels arteriesveins and gody.

The reproductive system consists of human body pdf download gonads and the internal and external sex organs. Historical Perspectives of Thoracic Anatomy”.

Wikisource has human body pdf download works on the topic: Organsstructured collections of cells with a specific function, [12] sit within the bocy.

Journal of Hellenic Studies. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Their Careers and Extant Works”. Many systems and mechanisms interact in order to maintain homeostasiswith safe levels of substances such as sugar and oxygen in the blood.

Some combined systems are referred to by joint names. Retrieved 14 October Lining cells regulate what can and human body pdf download pass through odwnload, protect internal structures, and function as sensory surfaces.

Radiology Interventional radiology Nuclear medicine Bdy Anatomical pathology Clinical pathology Clinical chemistry Clinical immunology Cytopathology Medical microbiology Transfusion medicine. For example, the nervous system and the endocrine system operate together as the neuroendocrine system.

Human anatomy is the study of the shape human body pdf download form of the human body. The eyesears, tongueand nose gather information about the body’s environment.

Human body – Wikipedia

This human body pdf download the mechanical, physical, bioelectricaland biochemical functions of humans in good health, from organs to the cells of which they are composed.

Downlkad of systems of the human body. Blood is filtered at the kidneys and liver. The body’s shape is determined by a strong skeleton made of bone and cartilagesurrounded by fat, muscle, connective tissue, organs, and other structures.